Ceramic microfiltration membrane design towards oil removal in metal industry wastewater streams
tarafından
 
Eren, Muhammet Şakir Abdullah, author.

Başlık
Ceramic microfiltration membrane design towards oil removal in metal industry wastewater streams

Yazar
Eren, Muhammet Şakir Abdullah, author.

Yazar Ek Girişi
Eren, Muhammet Şakir Abdullah, author.

Fiziksel Tanımlama
xiv, 85 leaves: color illustraltions, charts;+ 1 computer laser optical disc.

Özet
Increasing water scarcity is an important threat to the whole world. The use of too much water during the production processes and the insufficient level of reuse of this water and the increasing quantities of oil containing waste generated in many industrial activities cause dangerous consequences for the environment. Highly concentrated oil-inwater emulsions are very harmful for aquatic life, soil, atmosphere and human health. Traditional treatment methods are not effective in the removal of emulsified oil droplets which have less than 20 µm of droplet size. Ceramic micro/ultrafiltration membranes have been explored and developed in recent years due to their superior advantages in oil containing water treatment/purification. The aim of this MSc study was to produce tubular ceramic supports and microfiltration membranes for the removal of oil from stable oil in water emulsions used as metal cutting fluids. The prepared metal cutting fluids were fed to the crossflow filtration system and the effects of experimental parameters such as transmembrane pressure (TMP), crossflow velocity (CFV) and oil content on membrane performance/permeate flux were investigated. The single/double layered coatings on the support surfaces were formed in the preparation of the microfiltration membranes by using stable 0.4 µm α-alumina suspensions. The 1 layer and 2 layers containing microfiltration membranes were heavily fouled and very low permeate fluxes were obtained in an hour of treatment. This was attributed to the formation of a thin oil layer on the microfiltration membrane surfaces. The reduction of the total suspended solids (TSS) and turbidity were determined as ~100 %. A stable permeate flux with a lower extent of membrane fouling and concentration polarization was obtained with 1% oil content and the support membrane and TMP=2 bars.

Konu Başlığı
Membrane filters.
 
Ultrafiltration.
 
Sewage -- Purification -- Filtration.

Yazar Ek Girişi
Çiftçioğlu, Muhsin,

Tüzel Kişi Ek Girişi
İzmir Institute of Technology. Chemical Engineering.

Tek Biçim Eser Adı
Thesis (Master)--İzmir Institute of Technology:Chemical Engineering.
 
İzmir Institute of Technology: Chemical Engineering --Thesis (Master).

Elektronik Erişim
Access to Electronic Versiyon.


LibraryMateryal TürüDemirbaş NumarasıYer Numarası
IYTE LibraryTezT002251TP156.F5 E672 2020