Naphthoquinones from natural sources and their bioactivities
Kul, Demet, author.

Naphthoquinones from natural sources and their bioactivities

Kul, Demet, author.

Yazar Ek Girişi
Kul, Demet, author.

Fiziksel Tanımlama
xiii, 103 leaves: illustrarions, charts;+ 1 computer laser optical disc.

Onosma L. is a large heterogenic genus of Boraginaceae family includes about 230 species distributed mainly in Central Asia and the Mediterranean region. According to ‘Flora of Turkey, Onosma genus is represented with 104 species and 108 taxa and 52% of which are endemic. Phytochemical studies have revealed that Onosma species possess various constituents including alkaloids, naphthoquinones, polyphenols, phytosterols, terpenoids and fatty acids. Naphthoquinones are naturally widespread secondary metabolites deriving from some higher plants, fungi and bacteria, and have shown significant biological activities such as cytotoxic, antibacterial, antifungal and wound healing. In this thesis, bioassay-guided isolation studies were performed on Onosma aksoyii and Onosma isaurica to obtain naphthoquinone type cytotoxic compounds and investigate their topoisomerase inhibitory properties. Isolation studies were guided by MTT assay using three human cancer cell lines (HeLa, HCC-1937, DU-145) and a nontumor cell line (MRC-5). whereas the enzyme inhibition tests were against human topoisomerases IIα and IIβ. Six compounds, one of which was new (OA-PE-D1), were isolated using chromatographic methods and their structures were elucidated by spectral methods (1D, 2D NMR, and MS). The known compounds were acetylshikonin, β,β- dimethylacrylshikonin, arnebidin, arnebifuranone and shikonofuran E. The cytotoxicity screenings showed that these compounds had IC50 values ranging from 6.485 μM to 32 μM. According to topoisomerase inhibition studies, OA-PE-D1 and β,β- dimethylacrylshikonin showed promising inhibitory effects on topoisomerase IIβ at dose of 1 mg/mL.

Konu Başlığı

Yazar Ek Girişi
Bedir, Erdal,

Tüzel Kişi Ek Girişi
İzmir Institute of Technology. Bioengineering.

Tek Biçim Eser Adı
Thesis (Master)--İzmir Institute of Technology: Bioengineering.
İzmir Institute of Technology: Bioengineering--Thesis (Master).

Elektronik Erişim
Access to Electronic Versiyon.

LibraryMateryal TürüDemirbaş NumarasıYer NumarasıDurumu/İade Tarihi
IYTE LibraryTezT002086TP248.2 .K96 2019Tez Koleksiyonu