Biofuels production using canola oil over heterogeneous catalysts
tarafından
 
Özdoğru, Bertan, author.

Başlık
Biofuels production using canola oil over heterogeneous catalysts

Yazar
Özdoğru, Bertan, author.

Yazar Ek Girişi
Özdoğru, Bertan, author.

Fiziksel Tanımlama
ix, 61 leaves: illustrarions, charts;+ 1 computer laser optical disc.

Özet
The goal of this study was to investigate the activity of Ni loaded on Al2O3-SiO2 supports prepared with different acids for the production of biofuel grade compounds while using canola oil as our feedstock. While keeping the reaction conditions constant, catalyst preparation parameters such as aluminum concentration, nickel concentration, calcination temperature, and acid types investigated with statistical methods by constructing Box Behnken design using three continuous parameters with two levels and one categorical parameter with three level. Responses considered in this study were aldehyde, ester, organic acid and other compound yields calculated from the GC-MS analysis. After ANOVA analysis, empirical models calculated from this analysis used to optimize the catalyst preparation parameters. Three catalysts, one for each acid type, selected to investigate the validity of our model. Analysis did on these catalysts have shown that both 0% Ni/25% Al2O3-75% SiO2 w/H2SO4 at 900oC and 20% Ni/75% Al2O3-25% SiO2 w/H3PO4 at 900oC catalysts gave good ester yields with good organic acid utilization. 20% Ni/75% Al2O3-25% SiO2 w/H3PO4 at 900oC catalyst was exceptional in ester selectivity aspect while 0% Ni/25% Al2O3-75% SiO2 w/H2SO4 at 900oC catalyst was in organic acid utilization aspect. Presence of aluminum phosphate crystal phase observed with XRD resulted in 20% Ni/75% Al2O3-25% SiO2 w/H3PO4 at 900oC catalyst having the highest selectivity towards ester production. Combination of weak and strong acid sites increased the organic acid selectivity while lowering the selectivity towards esters for 0% Ni/25% Al2O3-75% SiO2 w/H2SO4 at 900oC catalyst. From the low organic acid utilization observed with 10% Ni/25% Al2O3-75% SiO2 w/HNO3 at 500oC and, 10% Ni/50% Al2O3-50% SiO2 w/H2SO4 at 700oC catalysts which had high amounts of weak acid sites, it could be said that organic acids can only be reacted over strong acid sites.

Konu Başlığı
Catalysts.
 
Biomass energy.
 
Biodiesel fuels.
 
Canola oil.

Yazar Ek Girişi
Şeker, Erol,

Tüzel Kişi Ek Girişi
İzmir Institute of Technology. Chemical Engineering.

Tek Biçim Eser Adı
Thesis (Master)--İzmir Institute of Technology: Chemical Engineering.
 
İzmir Institute of Technology: Chemical Engineering--Thesis (Master).

Elektronik Erişim
Access to Electronic Versiyon.


LibraryMateryal TürüDemirbaş NumarasıYer Numarası
IYTE LibraryTezT001708TP339 .O99 2017