Application of tubular ceramic nanofiltration membranes for textile waste water desalination
Yaldız, Safiye, author.

Application of tubular ceramic nanofiltration membranes for textile waste water desalination

Yaldız, Safiye, author.

Yazar Ek Girişi
Yaldız, Safiye, author.

Fiziksel Tanımlama
xiv, 85 leaves: color illustraltions.+ 1 computer laser optical disc.

Textile industry generates coloured wastewater containing a significant level of dye/inorganic salts. Environmental concerns and efficient energy use make the recovery of reusable water and salts from textile wastewater vital globally. Ceramic nanofiltration (NF) membranes are becoming increasingly important for the recovery and purification of dyes and salts (e.g., NaCl) in high salinity waste streams. They have superior chemical/mechanical/thermal properties compared to their polymeric counterparts. Desalination performances of the ceramic NF membranes depend on the concentration and chemical structure of the target ions, pH of feed and the wastewater stream along with the chemical/surface/nanostructural properties of the selective NF layer. Metal oxides are generally used as NF layer materials due to their amphoteric behaviour. Repulsive/attractive forces between the ionic species in the solution and the NF layer may make the separation of ionic species possible. In this work, zirconia doped titania based NF layers were designed. Desalination experiments were conducted with 10-3 M Na2SO4 and MgSO4 salts at different pH values. Salt retention capacities of 5 different membranes were determined. Percent retention was calculated using ion concentrations in permeate and retentate streams. The Mg2+ and SO4 -2 ion concentrations were determined by titration with 0.01 M EDTA and by spectrophotometer at 420 nm, respectively. A clear pH dependency of the salt retention was found in filtration tests. The highest SO4 -2 and Mg+2 ion retentions were obtained with using MF+disperel (boehmite)+P2 (600 0C)+TTIP hydrosol+Ti/Zr polymeric (double layer) membrane as 95% and 91%, respectively.

Konu Başlığı
Membranes (Technology).
Textile industry -- Waste disposal.
Water -- Purification.
Sewage -- Purification.

Yazar Ek Girişi
Çiftçioğlu, Muhsin,

Tüzel Kişi Ek Girişi
İzmir Institute of Technology. Chemical Engineering.

Tek Biçim Eser Adı
Thesis(Master)--İzmir Institute of Technology: Chemical Engineering.
İzmir Institute of Technology: Chemical Engineering--Thesis (Master).

Elektronik Erişim
Access to Electronic Versiyon.

LibraryMateryal TürüDemirbaş NumarasıYer NumarasıDurumu/İade Tarihi
IYTE LibraryTezT001630TP159.M4 Y16 2017Tez Koleksiyonu