Biolubricant production over sulfated TI-SBA-15 and TIO2-SIO2 based mesoporous catalysts için kapak resmi
Biolubricant production over sulfated TI-SBA-15 and TIO2-SIO2 based mesoporous catalysts
Özperçin, Tuğçe, author.
Yazar Ek Girişi:
Fiziksel Tanımlama:
xi, 75 leaves: charts;+ 1 computer laser optical disc.
Production of ecofriendly biodegradable lubricants from vegetable oils is an attractive alternative to petroleum derived lubricants for environmental protection. This study presents an investigation for the production of biolubricants via ring opening reaction of epoxidized soybean oil using the mesoporous solid acid catalysts. SO4/SBA- 15, SO4/Ti-SBA-15, SO4/TiO2-SiO2 and SO4/La-TiO2-SiO2 catalysts were prepared and characterized. In addition, effect of increasing titanium content on SO4/Ti-SBA-15 (Si/Ti: 10, Si/Ti: 6) and effect of sulfation source (ammonium sulfate and chlorosulfonic acid) on Ti-SBA-15 and La-TiO2-SiO2 properties, activities and stabilities were studied. Activity and stability of all the catalysts were tested in the ring opening reactions of epoxidized soybean oil with 2-propanol at 80 oC with 10/1 alcohol-epoxide mol ratio. After determination of the two most stable and active catalysts, reactions were also performed with 2-ethylhexanol at 100 oC with 6/1 alcohol-epoxide mol ratio. Products were analyzed by titration, FTIR and H-NMR. Also, thermal stability and low temperature behavior of products were determined by thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry. Prepared catalsysts had mesoporous structure and stronger acid sites by attachment of sulfate groups The catalysts showed a serious leaching when they were sulfated with ammonium sulfate. On the other hand, chlorosulfonic acid treatment enhanced significantly stability of catalyst. Furthermore, increasing of titanium content and sulfation with chlorosulfonic acid increased the acidity of catalysts compared to ammonium sulfate. The SO4/Ti-SBA-15-6(CS) catalyst (Si/Ti:6 mole ratios and chlorosulfonic acid sulfated) was found as the most stable and active catalyst. It provided 62 % (12 h) and 90 % (18 h) conversion in the reactions with 2-propanol and 2-ethylhexanol, respectively. All products were found as thermally stable up to 300 oC showing that ring opening reaction did not affect thermal stability. Nevertheless, it affected positively low temperature properties and better low temperature properties were obtained from the products of reactions with 2-ethylhexanol. However, its influence on the products obtained from 2-propanol was not prominent.
Konu Başlığı:
Yazar Ek Girişi:
Tek Biçim Eser Adı:
Thesis (Master)--İzmir Institute of Technology:Chemical Engineering.

İzmir Institute of Technology: Chemical Engineering --Thesis (Master).
Elektronik Erişim:
Access to Electronic Versiyon.


Materyal Türü
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Durumu/İade Tarihi
Tez T002484 TP159.C3 O99 2022

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