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Valorization of biomass for fuel and chemicals production için kapak resmi
Valorization of biomass for fuel and chemicals production
Valorization of biomass for fuel and chemicals production
Öcal, Bulutcem, author.
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x, 57 leaves: charts;+ 1 computer laser optical disc.
Rapidly increasing global energy demand resulting from the growing population and worldwide development increased consumption of limited fossil fuel usage that causes severe environmental deterioration by CO2 emission have sparked interest in finding green, renewable, and sustainable alternative sources for energy. Bio-oil, derived by several biomass via liquefaction, is a promising candidate to replace fossil fuels. Turkey is a country, 27% of which is covered with forests (mostly oak trees). Therefore, it has great potential for cheap lignocellulosic feedstock forest residues from industrial applications and harvesting. In the present study, the thermal liquefaction of oak wood particles (OWP) was performed using various solvents besides water, such as ethanol, 1- butanol, and 1,4-dioxane. The experiments were carried out in a batch reactor for 1 and 2 h residence time at different temperatures (210oC, 240oC, and 270oC). Bio-oil samples obtained at best reaction temperature, 270oC, optimum residence time, 1 h, were analyzed with TGA, CHNS elemental analyzer, FTIR, and GC-MS. Based on energy recovery calculations, the enhancement of pristine OWP’s energy efficiency depends on bio-oil yield, and quality was confirmed for all solvent types. 1,4-dioxane showed the best performance in yielding the maximum bio-oil with 51.8%. The higher heating values of the bio-oils ranged from 22.1 to 35 MJ/kg. Phenolic groups were the predominant components of bio-oil produced from OWP, while intensity of alcohols, ketones, and acids varied based on using solvent.
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Tek Biçim Eser Adı:
Thesis (Master)--İzmir Institute of Technology: Chemical Engineering.

İzmir Institute of Technology:Chemical Engineering--Thesis (Master).
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